– FUTURE: Used to express an idea that is not concrete, or something that is probable in the present. Sergio no ha venido a trabajar porque estará enfermo. Sergio hasn’t come to work because he may be ill (We think that he is ill. It is not a concrete idea, but it is probable).
– COMPOUND FUTURE: Used to express an idea that is not concrete, or something that is probable in the perfect tense. Fernando Alonso habrá ganado la carrera. Fernando Alonso will have won the race.
FUTURE relates to the PRESENT
COMPOUND FUTURE relates to the PERFECT TENSE
– CONDITIONAL: Used to express a hypothetical situation in the past (perfect or imperfect). Víctor llegó tarde a clase porque se retrasaría el autobús. Victor arrived late to class because the bus may have been delayed.
– COMPOUND CONDITIONAL: Used to express a hypothetical situation which happened in the pluperfect tense. Marteen no vino a clase el viernes porque habría salido de fiesta el jueves por la noche. Marteen did not come to class or Friday because he may have gone to a party Thursday night.
CONDITIONAL related to the PAST tense
COMPOUND CONDITIONAL relates to the PLUPERFECT tense
We hope that you have a great day; we’re sure that you’ve learnt a lot with these examples ;-).